How much do we know about Indian agriculture? The expanse and reach of farm produce from India is huge. India has always been the fruit and vegetable basket for the world. The excellent climatic conditions and natural resources have been conducive to a flourishing agricultural sector. India has been an agricultural nation. India has been blessed with numerous rivers right from Kashmir to Kanyakumari. The soil and climatic conditions have also been in favor of yielding a humongous variety of food crops. The widest variety of fruits, vegetables, grainds and nuts are found in India.
Even now, Indian cultivation is rated among the top agricultural produces in the world. Starting from food grains to pulses to nuts to fruits and vegetables – India produces and exports the major staples to the world. Vegetable export registered a whooping 1.60 million tonnes by the end of 2017. Total output for vegetables by the end of the calendar year 2017 has been registered to be 180.68 million tonnes up from 178.17 million tones during the same period last year. In tandem with the vegetable produce, fruits have also reached 94.88 million tonnes up from 92.92 million tonnes last year. Fresh vegetables exporters in Gujarat supply to overseas markets in South Africa, Australia, Kuwait, Gulf Countries and Saudi Arabia.
What makes Indian Agricultural Practices a Class Apart
India has always been a forerunner in sustainable farming practices. The latest rage about organic farming that has taken the world by storm has been practiced for generations in India. The country has also been very adept in accepting and deploying new technologies to remain abreast with the world. With more than 60 per cent of people still depending on agriculture for their living, government of India is laying more and more emphasis on this sector.
In the past, owing to different challenges, a lot of farmers had to give up their ancestral occupation of farming. Many people moved to the city in pursuit of an urban living. However, still there is a sumptuous portion of Indian population who takes pride in farming. They are the ones who can feel the life bestowing capacity of the soil. They toil in the soil under the sun to bring to life saplings that grow into fruitful and vegetating plants that satiate the hunger of people from all over the world. There are a number of farming practices that include diversified farming, mixed farming, ranching, plantation farming, dry and irrigated farming.
Growing Awareness About Sustainable Agriculture
Indian government is expending heavily on newer and more improved agricultural practices as well as export policies to encourage more and more people to start taking up farming as an occupation. These apart, there are small communities of people who are trying to revive the age old sustainable practices with a purpose of having healthier food on the plate that are free of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Vegetable suppliers in India have also drifted their focus on sourcing and supplying organically produced fruits and vegetables.
Several initiatives are being taken in order to educated the farmers and upgrade the techniques of farming. A lot of research and development are afoot to bring out smart agricultural practices that can be reintroduced to existing and new farmers. And not just farming techniques, government is also taking a fresh look at the export policies with a purpose of multiplying the export revenues. With all these initiatives and increased awareness among people, the agricultural sector is expected to grow in the times to come and India will once again be proudly identified as a farmer’s nation worldwide.